Indian Subcontinent

*Jewel in the Crown*

Pakistan

India

Bangladesh

Geography:

-Located on the Indian tectonic plate south of the Himalayas, forming a land mass which extends southward into the Indian Ocean.

-The Indian subcontinent is divided into three countries:

  • Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan

(A profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus)

  • India — Republic of India

(Lies entirely on the Indian Plate in the northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate)

  • Bangladesh — People’s Republic of Bangladesh

(A low-lying, riverine country)

Natural Resources:

Pakistan

  • Spices

  • Arable land
  • Coal
  • Iron ore
  • Copper
  • Salt
  • Limestone

India

  • Spices

  • Coal
  • Iron ore
  • Diamonds

Bangladesh

  • Spices

  • Fertile soil
  • Water

Agricultural and Manufactured Goods:

Agriculture:

All the agricultural goods especially tea, were produced in the Indian Subcontinent. Majority of thier agricultural productions were exported to Britain by British sail ships.

Pakistan:

Agriculture: Pakistan has favorable natural resources that led them towards agriculture. Much of their production were given to Britain.

They produce:

–          Wheat

–          Cotton

–          Rice

–          Sugarcane

–          Eggs

–          Fruits

–          Vegetables

–          Mutton

India:

Agriculture: India has favorable natural resources that led them towards agriculture.

They produce:

–          Tea

–          Wheat

–          Rice

–          Oilseeds

–          Sugar

–          Cotton

Bangladesh:

Agriculture: Bangladesh has favorable natural resources that led them towards agriculture.

They produce:

–          Rice

–          Tea

–          Sugar

–          Wheat

Manufactured Goods:

Pakistan had a large textile industry because of its vast supply of cotton. India had vast textile, mining, tea and spices producing industries. Bangladesh too contributed through its textile, sugar, tea, leather, and ceramic industries. All of these manufactured goods were made under the British and were always exported by sea.

Pakistan:

Types of Industries:

–          Textiles

Trades: (All to Britain)

–          Exports: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, and yarn), rice, leather goods, , carpets, rugs, and spices.

India:

Types of Industries:

–           Tea

–          Textiles

–                   Mining

Trades:  ( All to Britain)

–          Exports: Spices, tea, precious stones (such as Diamonds e.g. Koh-i-Noor) , cotton apparel and fabrics, gems and jewelry, and handicrafts.

Bangladesh:

Types of Industries:

–          Textiles–          Sugar–          Tea–          Leather Ceramics

Trades: (All to Britain)

–          Exports: textiles, tea, spices, leather, and ceramics.

The Indian Subcontinent was refered to as  “jewel in the crown” by the British. This was because the Indian Subcontinent or East Indies provided Britain with much of its supplies. Things such as tea and spices were the highlight of the Indian exports to Britain. The British not only took manufactured goods, but also took control of the Indians ideas and lifestyles. The mixing of culture was a major affect of the British imperialism in India.

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